The Political Aspect of Oppression of Women in Afghanistan
Political aspects of an issue look through the lens of power and authority. This comes in the form of government in place, how decisions are made, the distribution of power and wealth, and internal and external relations of nations. The primary political influence in Afghanistan are the leaders of the Islam religion. Islams religion revolves around the Qur'an,considered the verbatim word of God or Allah. There are many different ways that Muslims, adherents of Islam, interpret the Qur'an.
Woman assaulted for leaving her home alone(Image from Rawa.org)
The Taliban forces took over Afghanistan after the war with Russia and controlled 90% of the country from 1996-2001. They were known for their strict interpretation of Islamic Law. The Taliban outlawed any activity that was deemed to be an influence outside of Islamic beliefs. Under Taliban influence women weren't even allowed to leave the house without a male escort and if they were found alone in public they were beaten badly or killed. (Basij-Rasikh, 2013)
Image from legitgov.org
Even though the Taliban no longer controls Afghanistan, they still have a lot of influence in rural parts of the country. Their support of terrorism and the fact they have demonstrated they will stop at nothing to regain control of the country and enforce their Islam beliefs scares many Muslims into continuing on their traditions, and gives the Taliban power and influence.
(photo taken from Afghanistan Population Maps)
Many tribal leaders in Afghanistan still carry on the traditions of the mistreat of women. Even though the Afghan constitution was created in 2004, many of the tribal leaders in rural parts of the country haven't changed their ways. They stick to their Islam religion and treat women the same way they were taught to.
United States Influence
(Image from Chicago Tribune)
In the years prior to 2001, the US had little to no influence on the Taliban Government. However, after Refusal to hand over Al Qaida leaders, they teamed up with outlying afghan forces and overthrew the government. Since then, they have been the chief donor to the new government and their troops have acted as keepers of the peace until the new army is formed. The help that the US showed president Karzai and the government gives them a large amount of political influence and helped them create their Constitution. http://www.payvand.com/news/04/aug/1243.html